Unreal + Blender Tutorial – How to add root bones / motion or keep animations in place

By | Development, Tutorial, Unreal | No Comments

Hey guys,

Today we are going to roll into the New Year by adding in root motion to our kick animations as well as convert them to stay in place rather than move the mesh on their own.

This will help clean up the crappy roundhouse kick animation we had in place at the end of our last tutorial.

You can find the GitHub project in the usual location if you want to play with the finished animation sets.

Additionally here are a few links to do some further reading on the items we discussed:

Thanks and see you next time.

Unreal C++ Tutorial – Player Character Series – Punch – Part 6 – Review Lesson using Kicks !

By | Development, Tutorial, Unreal | One Comment

Hey guys,

Today we are finally back with the Player Character series , picking up where we left off, as well as incorporating all the previous tutorials into this lesson.

This time we are going to do a review lesson, where we go back over all the topics we covered earlier, and use them to implement a new set of attacks in the form of kicks.

 

The GitHub starter project can be found here as well as the final version with all the things.

The major component that is net new to this series is the inclusion of an additional Blend Node which you can read about here.

Take a look and we will see you next time.

Unreal Engine C++ Fundamentals – UAnimInstance

By | Development, Tutorial, Unreal | No Comments

Hey guys,

Yet again we are going to dive into Unreal Engine C++ Fundamentals by exploring UAnimInstance aka Animation Instance.

The project for this tutorial is available on GitHub as always.

What is a Anim Instance ?

An Anim Instance is the animation instance that drives our class.

Great ! So what is an Anim Instance ?

It’s really just a container and / or facade object that interacts with our class and any animations / montages that this class is currently executing.

What it allows us to do, is have fine grain control over the state and playback of our animations.

 

That’s great for you but what about my needs ?

Well since the UAnimInstanceobject lets you take control of your animations it will be beneficial to a lot of game play mechanics.

Let’s just quickly glance over some of the parts of the Anim Instance to see how they could help by examining the PlayAnimMontage call.

float ACharacter::PlayAnimMontage(class UAnimMontage* AnimMontage, float InPlayRate, FName StartSectionName)
{
  UAnimInstance * AnimInstance = (Mesh)? Mesh->GetAnimInstance() : nullptr; 
  if( AnimMontage && AnimInstance )
  {
    float const Duration = AnimInstance->Montage_Play(AnimMontage, InPlayRate);

    if (Duration > 0.f)
    {
      // Start at a given Section.
      if( StartSectionName != NAME_None )
      {
        AnimInstance->Montage_JumpToSection(StartSectionName, AnimMontage);
      }

      return Duration;
    }
  }	

  return 0.f;
}

As you guys can see, the guys at Epic have taken a bunch of pieces of the Anim Instance class and wrapped them in a helper method.

So what is this method doing ?

  • Well it brings in the AnimInstance from our Mesh object by calling GetAnimInstance().
  • Then it validates that the montage we want to interact with is available and the Anim Instance is not null.
  • If that passes it then kicks off the Montage_Play method right on the Anim Instance by passing in the montage and the Play Rate.

So far so good.

  • We then look at a few more conditionals that just ensure the data that is required is available to us.
  • And then lastly it calls Montage_JumpToSection as the overall method takes in a StartSectionName value that determines the playback position.

 

Even Epic likes Anim Instances ? How do I subscribe to their newsletter ?

Well you can do that through their web site or simply by getting a reference to your local neighborhood Anim Instance and start performing some of these operations.

What are these common operations ?

There are a bunch of them but let’s go over the immediately meaningful ones.

Montage_Stop– stops the montage and blends in the next animation using the blend speed parameter. Good for killing montages mid playback.

// takes in a blend speed ( 1.0f ) as well as the montage
AnimInstance->Montage_Stop(1.0f, AttackMontage->Montage);

 

Montage_Pause– pauses the current animation and freezes parts of the object tied to those animations. In our case we are able to pause a punch mid stream. Great for effects where you need to halt an animation, do some other activities and then resume.

// takes in the montage you want to pause
AnimInstance->Montage_Pause(AttackMontage->Montage);

 

Montage_Resume– called after you call Montage_Pause as it will resume the playback of the animation from that point in time.

// takes in the montage you want to resume playback for
AnimInstance->Montage_Resume(AttackMontage->Montage);

 

Montage_Play – triggers the playback of an animation based on various criteria like montage, speed, return type, playback start position and a control variable to stop other montages if they are currently executing.

// kicks off the playback at a steady rate of 1 and starts playback at 0 frames
AnimInstance->Montage_Play(AttackMontage->Montage, 1.0f, EMontagePlayReturnType::Duration, 0.0f, true);

 

Montage_GetPosition– returns the current position of the playback frames as they are contained within the duration of the animation.

// returns current playback position
float CurrentPosition = AnimInstance->Montage_GetPosition(AttackMontage->Montage)

 

Montage_IsPlaying– returns a boolean to let the caller know if we have an active animation.

// checks to see if any animations in a montage are active
AnimInstance->Montage_IsPlaying

 

Montage_JumpToSectionUAnimInstance– moves the animation starting point to the location of the section as it’s setup in the Animation Montage.

// starts the animation at a specific section
AnimInstance->Montage_JumpToSection(StartSectionName, AnimMontage);

 

Pretty neat eh !

As you can see, we get a lot freedom with access to anim instances as well as the ability to control our animations easily.

Not a huge collection of additional resources but here is the doc to the UAnimInstanceclass: